Turkey is a country which use its’ 28 percentage of surface in agricultural fields. Its’ agricultural production is 62 billion $ and agricultural products export is 18 billion $. For the year 2023, its’ agricultural production target is 150 billion $ and agricultural products export is 30 billion $. Besides the traditional agricultural sector, interests of domestic investors and foreign capital gradually increased in the last five years. This interest is continuing to increase both from Turkey and other countries with new and capacity increase investments via associations and procurements. Nevertheless, the share of private sector investments are not enough for agricultural development.
Growth in the sector, points to the efforts for avoidance of production and price fluctuations, increases in technologic and scientific applications, preferences of more familiar and packaged products and increased export potential in the upcoming 10 years.
Yaşar Group, realised this existing potential both with its’ existing food and drink corporations and agricultural livestock breeding corporation Çamlı Yem Besicilik A.Ş years ago and it secured its’ position with modernisation investments, capacity increases, quality production and sustainable service mentality in the sector.
The Main Trends For The Agro- Industry Sector In Turkey Within The Next 5 Years
Food Security and Sustainability: As part of international standards; inclusion of the whole processes of production, manifacturing, protection, storage and marketing for any of the food products is relevant.
Commercialisation of Agriculture In Turkey: Obligation for establishing mutual relations with production firms, cultivators, food corporations, wholesalers and consumers by forming vertical value chain.
Providing Productivity Growth: As the agricultural lands remain stable, food demand continuously increases depending upon the population growth. At this point, productivity growth is required.
Agricultural Infrastructure: Agricultural and rural programme should be well- organized. This situation is not only important for struggling with unemployment; it is also important for solving migration, economic inequality, uneducated labour force and such social problems.
Modernization In All Stages: Labour- intensive manifacturing is going to develop over time and be technology- intensive manifacturing decennially.
Cooperations and Partnerships: In the agricultural and food sectors, investors, consultants, suppliers, vendors, wholesalers and merchandisers can come between partnerships and this circumstance can cause complicated structural conversion and cooperation type. On the purpose of providing vertical integration, various studies which are intended to business combinations and joint tenancy of the intercorporate sources are going to be made.
Analysis Of The Agricultural Industry In Turkey
The positive contribution of ecological structure and climate to the product range,
Projects for integration of the agricultural industry,
The effects of agricultural supports while manipulating the production process.
The usage of new information and technologies,
Projects for integration of the land,
Frequent organization network of the Food, Agriculture and Livestock Ministry,
Existence of State- Sponsored agriculture insurances
High input costs; especially heavy fuel,
Higher feeding costs than regular milk and meat prices,
Small and divided land structure,
Low efficiency and low competitive capacity,
Poorly educated cultivators,
Planning deficiency in agricultural production,
Ineffective producer organizations,
Insufficiency of the storage and marketing substructure
Increasing consumer awareness and technological usage,
Rising interest of the finance sector and investors,
Environmental awareness and sensibility
Increases in the usage of modern sprinkler systems.
Good practices in organic agriculture,
High export potential,
Developed cooperations of the public, civil society organization (CSO), private sector and university in the agricultural research and development studies
Misusing demand of the agricultural lands such as construction,
External dependence for some agricultural raw materials,
Land and water pollution due to the misuse of fertilizers and medicines.
Impairment of the soil quality because of unconcsious irrigation,
Climate changes and the increasing usage of bio- fuel,
Reduction in existing water sources and frequent drought periods,
High logistics costs,
Fluctuating demographic structure in the rural area and decreasing interest of the young population to agriculture