Historical Development Of Aquaculture
Aquaculture means breeding zoological and herbal water creatures for nutrient, stock reinforcement, ornament, hobby and scientific researches within the people factor as being controlled or semi-controlled. The first breeded fish type is salmon. The first salmon hatchery is established in 1740 and breeding for this type has increased with the developed culture systems from this time.
The decreases in hunting fish tonnages refers to the decreases in natural fish stocks both locally and globally. As the increasing protein deficiency in the world is thought, the role and importance of aquaculture and the fish which are produced in fish farms are going to be understood better. In the world, aquaculture is first started with eel production in Japan in the year of 1960. In our country, the first aquaculture facility belongs to Pınar Fish and it is established in Çeşme in 1985 with the attempts of Honorous Selçuk Yaşar as being the pioneer of modern and integrated production.
The first applications of saltwater fish, started with Chanos Chanos in Indonesia in the early 1400’s and breeding for this type has continued for long time. Fertilization of pools after the development processes of people which consume the algae set in aquatic environment, increased the feed density and marked a new period in aquaculture. In the later years, fish breeding has started to be made with modern techniques.
Northern Europe, made progress about salmon and Mediterranean countries brang seabass and seabream breeding to the economical system. Besides, Italy became the market leader with its’ traditional valliculture methods. In many countries, the aquaculture sector is more developed than the agricultural sector. Aquaculture, first started with eel breeding in Japan in 1960 worldwide. The first aquaculture facility belongs to Pınar Fish and it is established with the attempts of Honorous Selçuk Yaşar in İzmir Çeşme in 1985 as being the leader of modern and integrated production.