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The Factors To Be Considered In Coop Preparation And Production


  • Coops should be cleaned with high pressure water and disinfected. Besides, harmful pathogens should be avoided to cause damages inside the coops.
  • Pads should be kept in a specific area and fermented.
  • Disinfection should be made after coop cleaning in order to be able to avoid environmental contamination.
  • Any kind of equipment required for coops should definitely be disinfected.
  • Insects and birds should be avoided to come inside the coops.
  • Disinfected mats or waterers should be put outside of the coops.


- The thickness of the chop should be at least 6- 8 cm in summer and 10- 12 cm in winter.

- Pads should be unprocessed, clean and dry in order not to face with problems such as poisonings for chicks.

- The pad materials should be free of dust in order to avoid respiratory tract infections for chicks.

- Pads should always be dry and changed daily.

- Pad condition in coops should be improved via heating and ventilating systems especially in winter.


  • Rings should provide air circulation.
  • Approximately 240- 320 chicks should be put inside each coop.
  • Heaters should be arranged to the whole coops and placed at the center of rings. Pads should be spread over homogeneously and proper conditions should be provided for animals.
  • The chicks in their growing periods, should be moved to rearing coops by truck. Heat should be about 21- 24 degrees and ventilation system should definitely be inside the truck during this moving action.
  • Heat, water and feed should respectively be ready to consume in the rearing coops.

Air Conditioning:

  • Thermostat settings of ventilators should be suitable with the demanded warmth.
  • Ventilators should firstly operate slowly, then become faster in order to avoid rapid temperature decreases and provide effiency for the ventilation system.


  • Fresh water is very important for hygiene and nutrition. The waterline should be disinfected.
  • If necessary; vitamins and minerals can be given to the animals with water.
  • Sugared water can also be given to the animals in order them not to lose energy.
  • Feeder length should be 4 cm at least for each poult in the growth periods of them and 3- 4 cm in the fattening periods of them.
  • Chops and fertilizers mixed in the feeders, should be cleared continuously and removed carefully.
  • The place of feeders should frequently be changed in order to avoid distruptions.
  • The lip height of feeders should be arranged properly that animals should be able to reach easily.
  • Laboratory controls should be made periodically against the content of the ration and bacterial infections.


  • Air conditioning should be sufficient in coops in order to avoid diseases such as respiratory tract infections and blindness, provide healthy development for the bodies and efficient feed conversion.
  • Temperature should be arranged balancedly in order to protect animal health.


  • Lightening should be made equally in each side of the coop.
  • Lightening in turkey coops, should be for 23 hours at the first day and then decreased to 16 hours at the seventh day.
  • Overlighting or insufficient lighting should be avoided in order not to face with problems such as flock mortality, stress, anger, tension and excitement.

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