The Factors To Be Considered In Coop Preparation And Production
- Coops should be cleaned with high pressure water and disinfected. Besides, harmful pathogens should be avoided to cause damages inside the coops.
- Pads should be kept in a specific area and fermented.
- Disinfection should be made after coop cleaning in order to be able to avoid environmental contamination.
- Any kind of equipment required for coops should definitely be disinfected.
- Insects and birds should be avoided to come inside the coops.
- Disinfected mats or waterers should be put outside of the coops.
- The thickness of the chop should be at least 6- 8 cm in summer and 10- 12 cm in winter.
- Pads should be unprocessed, clean and dry in order not to face with problems such as poisonings for chicks.
- The pad materials should be free of dust in order to avoid respiratory tract infections for chicks.
- Pads should always be dry and changed daily.
- Pad condition in coops should be improved via heating and ventilating systems especially in winter.
- Rings should provide air circulation.
- Approximately 240- 320 chicks should be put inside each coop.
- Heaters should be arranged to the whole coops and placed at the center of rings. Pads should be spread over homogeneously and proper conditions should be provided for animals.
- The chicks in their growing periods, should be moved to rearing coops by truck. Heat should be about 21- 24 degrees and ventilation system should definitely be inside the truck during this moving action.
- Heat, water and feed should respectively be ready to consume in the rearing coops.
- Thermostat settings of ventilators should be suitable with the demanded warmth.
- Ventilators should firstly operate slowly, then become faster in order to avoid rapid temperature decreases and provide effiency for the ventilation system.
- Fresh water is very important for hygiene and nutrition. The waterline should be disinfected.
- If necessary; vitamins and minerals can be given to the animals with water.
- Sugared water can also be given to the animals in order them not to lose energy.
- Feeder length should be 4 cm at least for each poult in the growth periods of them and 3- 4 cm in the fattening periods of them.
- Chops and fertilizers mixed in the feeders, should be cleared continuously and removed carefully.
- The place of feeders should frequently be changed in order to avoid distruptions.
- The lip height of feeders should be arranged properly that animals should be able to reach easily.
- Laboratory controls should be made periodically against the content of the ration and bacterial infections.
- Air conditioning should be sufficient in coops in order to avoid diseases such as respiratory tract infections and blindness, provide healthy development for the bodies and efficient feed conversion.
- Temperature should be arranged balancedly in order to protect animal health.
- Lightening should be made equally in each side of the coop.
- Lightening in turkey coops, should be for 23 hours at the first day and then decreased to 16 hours at the seventh day.
- Overlighting or insufficient lighting should be avoided in order not to face with problems such as flock mortality, stress, anger, tension and excitement.